Tooth decay is parts of a tooth that become infected with decay that may gradually develop into small or large holes.
Tooth decay is one of the most common health problems around the world. It is prevalent, in the first place, amongchildren and adolescents, except that every person who has teeth in his mouth may develop caries. If tooth decay is not treated, the holes may enlarge and expand, causing severe pain, infections, and even tooth loss and other complications.

Daily Oral and Dental Care - Part 1
How do we take care of our teeth daily? What are the basic rules for maintaining the health of our teeth? Watch the first part in the following video:

Visiting a dentist regularly, cleaning teeth thoroughly and using dental advice (dental floss) regularly and permanently - are, together, the best prevention to prevent decay and tooth decay.

Symptoms of tooth decay

The initial symptoms of tooth decay development vary from case to case, and they relate to the degree and location of the caries.

Caries at its onset may not be accompanied by any symptoms or signs. However, as the decay becomes more severe, various symptoms may appear, including:

  • toothache
  • Tooth sensitivity

Slight or severe pain when consuming hot or cold foods or sweetened beverages (pains that persist even after you have finished eating or drinking)
Dental holes that can be seen by eye
Pain when biting food
The appearance of pus (pus) around the tooth

Causes and risk factors of tooth decay

Decay, also called tooth decay, occurs as a result of several causes and factors combined together, including:
Dirty teeth
Not taking care of dental hygiene
Eat sweets and drinks that contain sugar

The oral cavity, as well as other organs in the body, contain many different types of germs. Some of these germs thrive and multiply in an environment of various foods or drinks that contain cooked sugars or starches, which are also known as fermented carbohydrates (Fermentedcarbohydrates).

When these carbohydrates are not removed, by brushing (rubbing) the teeth, the germs convert them into acids, within 20 minutes. Germs, acids, food particles and saliva turn into dentalplaque, which is a sticky layer that covers the teeth.

When the tongue is placed on the teeth, this dental plaque can be felt, only a few hours after brushing the teeth. The dental plaque is somewhat rough in the area of ​​the molars (or: molars), especially along the gum line.

The acids that form in dental plaque attack the minerals in the hard layer of the tooth, called "enamel", which is the outermost layer that covers the tooth.

The erosion of the "enamel" layer of the tooth causes small holes in it - which are tooth decay.

If parts of the "enamel" layer are eroded, germs and acids are able to reach the second layer of the tooth, called "dentin" (which is the middle layer of the tooth - Dentine). This layer is softer and less acid-repellent than the "enamel" layer.

When the tooth decay process reaches this point, the frequency and speed of tooth decay increases gradually. As this continues, germs and acids progress their way into the layers that make up the tooth. It advances into the dental pulp layer, which is the inner layer of the tooth, causing it to swell and irritate it.

Tooth decay may also affect the bone that supports the tooth. In the very advanced stages of caries, the patient suffers from severe pain, from excessive sensitivity of the teeth when biting, and from other symptoms.

The body may respond to such bacterial penetration inside it, by sending white blood cells to fight the emerging inflammation .

As a result, an abscess may form in the teeth. The process of rotting tooth, this, time and time is short.

As the layers of the tooth continue to be eroded, one after the other, by caries, this process will accelerate more and more. Caries often begins in the posterior molars (molars / molars) area, since they have more openings, gaps and curves than other teeth.

Although this structure helps a lot in chewing food, it is also an excellent place for the accumulation of leftovers. Also, cleaning these molars is more difficult than cleaning the front teeth, which are more touchy and easy to reach.

As a result, dental plaque forms more easily and quickly in molars, where germs thrive, produce acids and thus eliminate the "enamel" layer.
Dental caries risk factors

Dental caries, as we mentioned, is one of the most common health problems in the world, and every person who has teeth is at risk of developing caries. There are several factors that increase the risk of developing decay or developing a state of tooth decay.

These risk factors are numerous, among them:
Certain types of food and beverages: Some of these types are more caries than others. Fermented sugars (carbohydrates) are one of the most important causes of tooth decay, since they stick to the teeth for long periods of time.
Snacks: Excessive consumption of sweetened drinks and drinks.
Dirty teeth: not cleaning (rubbing) the teeth
Mineral water: Adding fluoride to drinking water helps reduce the spread of caries among people, because these minerals protect the "enamel" layer of the tooth. But nowadays, too many people consume mineral water or filtered water that does not contain fluoride, thus losing the protection that fluoride provides to their teeth.

Age: the teeth of the elderly
Dental problems: Teeth complaining of receding gums
Dehydration in the oral cavity: Dryness in the oral cavity indicates a lack of saliva. To nibble a central role in preventing tooth decay. It rinses out food debris and dental plaque from the teeth, and the minerals in it help treat the early stages of tooth decay.
Composite fillings (or: composite fillings) that are dulled or pointed.
Nutrition disorders: loss of appetite deliberate (Anorexia) or bulimia ( bulimia) may lead to serious erosion in the layers of tooth decay and appearance. Digestive acids that reach the oral cavity as a result of vomiting infect the teeth and erode their "enamel" layer. In addition, eating disorders can disrupt saliva production.
Heartburn : ( heartburn - heartburn).
Close contact: Some germs that cause tooth decay can be transmitted from one person to another through kissing or using common eating utensils. Also, parents or people who are very close to children may transmit these germs to them.
Cancer: Some treatments of cancer .

Dental caries complications

Tooth decay is so widespread that many people do not take it seriously. It is common, for example, not to pay attention to caries in milk teeth in children. However, tooth decay may lead to serious and far-reaching complications and complications, even in children whose fixed teeth have not yet sprouted.

  • Among these complications:
  • Aches
  • Abscess in the teeth
  • Teeth falling out
  • Broken teeth
  • Problems with chewing
  • Acute infections

In addition, when tooth decay reaches a stage in which the pain is very severe, this may hinder the normal daily life, to the point of preventing the student from going to his school or the worker to work.

But if the pain is severe and hinders the process of eating or chewing, it may lead to malnutrition and then lose weight.

If the decay leads to tooth loss, this may negatively affect self-confidence. In some very rare cases, the abscess formed due to tooth decay may lead to severe infection that may pose a threat to the patient's life if it is not treated properly.

Diagnosing tooth decay

A dentist can diagnose tooth decay very easily. He asks you if you have pain or sensitivity, then he examines your mouth and teeth and pricks the teeth with a special examination tool to check whether there are soft places in the teeth.

You may need a dental x-ray (x-ray) that is also able to diagnose tooth decay.

The dentist can also determine the types of caries - there are three:
Tooth decay (decay) on the tooth surface: This type affects the outer surface of the tooth, where germs can survive for a long time, while acids attack the "enamel" layer. It often appears on the outside of the tooth, that is, towards the cheek, in the line near the gums. This type can be easily prevented and treated unless it appears in the areas between the teeth.
Molar tooth decay : Dental caries of this type attacks the cavities and concavities in the grinding teeth, on the surface of the masticatory part. This type may develop rapidly if we do not pay attention to oral and dental hygiene, or if we do not treat tooth decay immediately when it appears.
Tooth decay: This type of tooth decay appears in the tooth root area. It is mainly common among adults who suffer from receding gums .

Dental caries treatment

The treatment of dental caries depends, in large part, on the degree of caries and the extent of its severity and the general health status.

Among what the treatments include:
Fluoride therapy
Composite fillings (or: composite fillings)
Tooth root treatment (or: nerve treatment)
Crown (a full tooth cover used to restore and repair damaged teeth)
Extraction (tooth extraction).

Prevention of tooth decay

Maintaining regular oral and dental hygiene helps prevent tooth decay.

If you follow the following tips and instructions, you can prevent tooth decay or rot:
Cleaning (rubbing) the teeth after eating or drinking
Mouth rinse
Visit a dentist regularly
Examine the possibility of tightening the gaps between the teeth
Drinking water from taps (faucets)
Refrain as much as possible from consuming snacks and sweetened drinks
Eat foods that strengthen dental health
Fluoride treatment
Use antibacterial agents if needed.