Types of teeth and their functions

Teeth have many benefits, including helping with good speech and chewing food. So what are the different types of teeth? What are its functions?

Teeth are one of the strongest parts of the body, as they are made up of several proteins such as collagen, and several salts such as calcium, and the tooth is composed of several layers, namely: enamel , dentin, pulp, and cementum.
Types of teeth and their functions
Primary teeth

After the child is born and reaches the age of six, his primary teeth begin to grow, which are twenty years and are distributed as follows:

Four first molars.
Four second molars.
Four fangs.
Four side cutters.
Four central partitions.

The lower incisors usually start to grow first. In most cases, all of the primary teeth are fully developed before the child reaches the third year.

And in the period between the sixth to the twelfth year of the child's life, the primary teeth are replaced by the permanent teeth, and usually the molars begin to grow, until all permanent teeth are fully developed before reaching the twenty-first year.


Permanent teeth

The permanent teeth consist of thirty-two teeth, distributed as follows:
  • Four third molars, which are called mind molars.
  • Four second molars.
  • Four first molars.
  • Four laughs again.
  • Four Laughs First.
  • Four fangs.
  • Four side cutters.
  • Four central partitions.
  • Dental functions

Dental functions differ depending on their location and type, as follows:

  1. Cutters: have a single root and sharp surface, and they cut and cut food.
  2. Fangs: Canines are one of the longest teeth, and it has a single root that is one of the longest roots of teeth, and a sharp pointed surface with a single protrusion, for cutting food.
  3. Laughers : The first laughs have two roots, while the second laughs have a single root, and have a flat surface with three to four protrusions, and they tear and crush food.
  4. Molars: They are the largest teeth in size, and the upper molars have three roots, while the lower jaw molars have two roots, and their surface is wide and flat with four to five protrusions. They chew, crush and grind food.

Dental care tips

Although the teeth are among the most powerful parts of the body, it is necessary to take care of them through the following steps:
  1. Brushing the toothpaste twice daily with toothpaste containing fluoride .
  2. Brushing the teeth using dental floss at least once a day.
  3. Avoid drinks and foods that contain a lot of sugars.
  4. Eat a balanced diet.
  5. Visit the dentist regularly and book a dental cleaning appointment every six months.

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